<p>Deciduous tree that can reach heights of 20-35m. Bark smooth and grey. Buds narrowly ellipsoid; up to 2 cm long with a sharp point. Leaves alternate; simple and oval/oblong with serrate margins, measuring 5-10 cm. Monoecious; flowers unisexual, inconspicuous. Fruit lobed; multiple angled nuts protected by prickly husks. &nbsp;</p>

Ecological Notes: 

Nuts suitable for human consumption; key source of food for many vertebrates, including birds, bears, and squirrels.

Economic Uses: 

Often used in flooring, furniture, veneer, plywood, and even rough lumber.


Map showing distribution of F. grandifolia in the contuguous United States (Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture).

Student Sketches: 

Sketch of F. graondifolia showing habit, twig and bud,leaf, flower, fruit, and seed.


Page by Kathryn Grice and Wilson Lam • Flowering in late April or early May, beech trees are quite vulnerable to decay fungi; more than 70 types of fungi have been found to infect beech trees.